In these questions i will be talking "Islam and Woman"
1. Women in the Pre-Islamic era lived in servility and misery. They had no rights whatsoever until the advent of Islam, which liberated them and delivered them from the injustice which they had suffered for a long time. Islam elevated the status of women and granted them all the rights of which they had hitherto been deprived and granted them the rights accorded to men. It is interesting to note that the rights granted to women by Islam more than fourteen centuries ago are the very same rights granted to women by the United Nations in the 1948 Declaration of Human Rights. Islam also proved Eve’s innocence of tempting Adam to disobey God’s command, and of being the cause of his banishment from Paradise. Islam also refuted the myth that Eve was the origin of evil in the world, stating that it was Satan who tempted both Adam and Eve. This is stated in the following Qur’anic verse: "Then did Satan make them slip from the (Garden) and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been". [2/36].
2. Islam emphasizes the fact that all mankind, men and women alike, were created from one single soul: "O mankind! reverence God your Creator, who Created you from a single person". [4/1] This Qur’anic verse signifies that men and women are both equal as human beings, and in this respect one is not superior to the other. Furthermore, the honor that God has bestowed on mankind includes both men and women as is clear from the following Qur’anic verse; "We have honored the descendants of Adam". [17/70] The descendants of Adam signify all mankind, and when the Qur’an refers to mankind, both men and women are addressed since when the Qur’an addresses one sex and not the other it addresses them as "O men!" (male) or "O women!"
3. The Prophet Muhammad described the relationship between men and women in the following Saying: "Women are the counterpart of men and they have the same rights as they have obligations in equity". The word "counterpart" indicates equality and that men and women are equal in God’s sight and none is superior to the other except by virtue of their righteous deeds and piety. This is stated in the following Qur’anic verse: "Whoever works righteousness, man or woman, and has faith, verily to them will We give a new life, a life that is good and pure and We will bestow on such their reward according to the best of their actions". [16/97] God Almighty also responds to the prayers and invocations of men and women alike: "And their Creator has accepted and answered them: Never will I cause to be lost, the work of any of you, be you male or female: you are members of one another". [3/195] This means that men and women complement each other and that there would be no continuation of life in this world without their union.
4. After having read the aforementioned facts which are quoted from the two authentic sources of Islam, namely the Qur’an and the Traditions of the Prophet, can Islam still be accused of ill-treating and wronging women? The problem is that some people unjustly misrepresent or confuse the difference between the principles and teachings of Islam, which are just and humane, and the conduct of some Muslims who treat women unjustly. Any objective and unbiased judgment of Islam should differentiate between the two cases. The degraded status of women in some Muslim communities is due to the ignorance that prevails and is not the result of the teachings or principles of Islam. We find in the national survey of the United States(1) that at least one in four women is physically assaulted by her male partner every year and that about 10% of abused women are victims of severe violence. In the Emergency Department Settings it is estimated that 20-35% of women patients seek treatment because of abuse and in family clinics between 25-40% of patients report being abused, etc. Furthermore, it is well known that women were ill-treated in the Middle Ages in the West and that there was an old English proverb, which is still quoted: "A woman, ass, and wallnut-tree, the more you beat, the better be" (an English saying, Oxford Dictionary).